Kafka (im_kafka)

This module implements an Apache Kafka consumer for collecting event records from a Kafka topic. See also the om_kafka module.

To examine the supported platforms, see the list of installer packages in the Available Modules chapter.

Configuration

The im_kafka module accepts the following directives in addition to the common module directives. The BrokerList and one of the mutually exclusive Topic, Assign or Subscribe directives are required.

BrokerList

This mandatory directive specifies the list of Kafka brokers to connect to for collecting logs. The list should include ports and be comma-delimited (for example, localhost:9092,192.168.88.35:19092).

Assign

This directive specifies a list of Kafka topic:partition pairs from which to collect records. In conjunction with GroupID and setting SavePos to broker, it also allows saving read offsets on the Kafka server.

Subscribe

This directive specifies a list of Kafka topics. The im_kafka instance will participate in automatic partition assignment for the Kafka consumer group specified by GroupID.

Topic

This mandatory directive specifies the Kafka topic from which to collect records.


CAFile

This specifies the path of the certificate authority (CA) certificate that will be used to verify the certificate presented by the remote brokers. A remote broker’s self-signed certificate (which is not signed by a CA) can be trusted by specifying the remote broker certificate itself. In case of certificates signed by an intermediate CA, the certificate specified must contain the complete certificate chain (certificate bundle). CAFile is required if Protocol is set to ssl or sasl_ssl.

CertFile

This specifies the path of the certificate file that will be presented to the remote broker during the SSL handshake.

CertKeyFile

This specifies the path of the private key file that was used to generate the certificate specified by the CertFile directive. This is used for the SSL handshake.

GroupID

This directive specifies a Kafka consumer ID and is mandatory if the Subscribe directive is used and/or SavePos is set to broker. It identifies the consumer group to use for automatic partition assignment when in Subscribe mode. It is also used for Kafka offset storage when SavePos is set to broker for either Subscribe or Assign modes. In this case, offsets are stored server-side, per (group ID, topic, partition) tuple, such that each group has its offsets, but consumers that join the same group will share the same partition offsets. This directive cannot be used with the Topic directive.

KeyPass

This directive specifies the passphrase of the private key specified by the CertKeyFile directive. A passphrase is required when the private key is encrypted. Example to generate a private key with Triple DES encryption using OpenSSL:

$ openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 2048

This directive is not needed for passwordless private keys.

Option

This directive can be used to pass a custom configuration property to the Kafka library (librdkafka). For example, the group ID string can be set with Option group.id mygroup. This directive may be used more than once to specify multiple options. For a list of configuration properties, see the librdkafka CONFIGURATION.md file.

Passing librdkafka configuration properties via the Option directive should be done with care since these properties are used for the fine-tuning of the librdkafka performance and may result in various side effects.
Partition

This optional integer directive specifies the topic partition to read from. If this directive is not given, messages are collected from partition 0. It can only be used with the Topic directive.

Protocol

This optional directive specifies the protocol to use for connecting to the Kafka brokers. Accepted values include plaintext (the default) and ssl, sasl_plaintext and sasl_ssl. If Protocol is set to ssl or sasl_ssl, then the CAFile directive must also be provided.

ReadFromLast

This optional boolean directive instructs the module to only read logs that arrive after NXLog is started. This directive comes into effect if a saved offset is not found, for example, on the first start or when the SavePos directive is FALSE. When the SavePos directive is TRUE, and a previously saved offset is found, the module will always resume reading from the saved offset. If ReadFromLast is FALSE, the module will read all logs from the beginning of the Kafka partition. This can result in a lot of messages and is usually not the expected behavior. It defaults to TRUE.

SASLKerberosServiceName

This directive specifies the Kerberos service name to be used for SASL authentication. The service name is required for the sasl_plaintext and sasl_ssl protocols.

SASLKerberosPrincipal

This specifies the client’s Kerberos principal name for the sasl_plaintext and sasl_ssl protocols. This directive is only available and mandatory on Linux/UNIX. See note below.

SASLKerberosKeytab

Specifies the path to the kerberos keytab file which contains the client’s allocated principal name. This directive is only available and mandatory on Linux/UNIX.

The SASLKerberosServiceName and SASLKerberosPrincipal directives are only available on Linux/UNIX. On Windows, the login user’s principal name and credentials are used for SASL/Kerberos authentication.

For details about configuring Apache Kafka brokers to accept SASL/Kerberos authentication from clients, please follow the instructions provided by the librdkafka project:

SavePos

This directive can specify either a boolean value or one of cache or broker values. Kafka partition offsets will be saved locally in NXLog’s configuration cache when set to cache. The partition offsets will be saved on the Kafka server when set to broker. The default value, TRUE, enables local cache offset storage for the Assign mode and server-side offset storage for the Subscribe mode. Local cache offset storage is preferred for the Assign mode because it ensures "exactly once" semantics. In contrast, server-side offset storage is preferred for the Subscribe mode because offsets must be shared with other Kafka consumers even though this mode only ensures "at least once" semantics (meaning that in some rare cases, two consumers may end up consuming the same message). However, this directive’s cache and broker values allow overriding the default behavior if needed.

Creating and populating fields

When the im_kafka module reads a message from a broker, it creates and populates the following fields which are then recorded to $raw_event:

Table 1. List of fields recorded to $raw_event
Key Description

MessageKey

Optional key associated with the message.

Message

Message text.

The following core fields are also created and populated by NXLog:

Table 2. List of fields
Field Description

$EventReceivedTime

The time when the event is received. The value is not modified if the field already exists.

$SourceModuleName

The name of the module instance, for input modules. The value is not modified if the field already exists.

$SourceModuleType

The type of module instance (such as im_file), for input modules. The value is not modified if the field already exists.

Examples

Example 1. Using the im_kafka module

This configuration collects events from a Kafka cluster using the brokers specified. Events are read from the first partition of the nxlog topic.

nxlog.conf
<Input in>
    Module      im_kafka
    BrokerList  localhost:9092,192.168.88.35:19092
    Topic       nxlog
    Partition   0
    Protocol    ssl
    CAFile      %CERTDIR%/ca.pem
    CertFile    %CERTDIR%/client-cert.pem
    CertKeyFile %CERTDIR%/client-key.pem
    KeyPass     thisisasecret
</Input>

The librdkafka library can produce its performance statistics and format it to JSON. All fields from the JSON structure are explained on the Statistics page of the librdkafka project on the GitHub website. NXLog can be configured to poll this data at a specified fixed interval. The result can be saved to the internal logger.

Example 2. Collecting internal statistics

To read statistical data of the librdkafka library, the millisecond polling interval needs to be set via the Option directive using the statistics.interval.ms option.

The Schedule block sets the interval to run the code of the nested Exec block. Inside the Exec block, the log_info() procedure is called with the kafka_in->get_stats() parameter passed.

To get the librdkafka statistics produced and delivered synchronously, the statistics.interval.ms option and the Schedule block should specify the same interval amount.

nxlog.conf, writing to the internal logger
<Input to_kafka>
    Module        im_kafka
    Topic         nxlog
    BrokerList    localhost:9092
    Option        statistics.interval.ms 10000
    <Schedule>
        Every     10 sec
        Exec      log_info(to_kafka->get_stats());
    </Schedule>
</Input>